The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

Medication Management

Palliative Care of a Patient with End-Stage Liver Disease: An Unfolding Case Study

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

This case study was developed for use in academic coursework and as a standalone training for health care providers (MDs, ARNP, Pharmacists, Social Workers, Nurses). This unfolding case study about the management of an adult in the midst of a health crisis. This case is a composite of many actual cases seen in clinical practice. During the course of this case study, learners are presented with information as the providers learn of the patient’s emergent and ongoing health concerns – from his Emergency Department admission through the development of his palliative care plan. Learners are asked to make decisions and use their best judgment about how to care for this patient and family.

Educational objectives: 

By the end of this case study, the learner will be better able to:

  1. Understand the natural history and disease management of end stage liver disease (ESLD).
  2. Use evidence-based practice to collaboratively develop and refine goals of care for patients with chronic, progressive conditions.
  3. Work interprofessionally to ensure the best quality of care for the patient and family.
Date posted: 
Fri, 09/14/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 08/15/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Palliative Care of a Patient with End-Stage Liver Disease: An Unfolding Case Study. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

Simulation Curriculum for Geriatric Medicine Fellows

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
999
Abstract: 

This material consists of a suite of nine simulated clinical cases, divided into three separate sessions of three cases each, intended to be conducted in a simulation center with simulated patients.  Cases are designed to teach geriatric medicine fellows and other appropriate learners basic geriatric assessment skills (Session one), how to navigate difficult situations in long-term care (Session two), and high-level communication skills in palliative and end-of-life care (Session three).  Each case consists of a multi-page document outlining scripts for the learner as well as the roles (patient, family member, facility staff, etc) portrayed by actors, necessary props and supporting materials, and instructions for evaluating and debriefing the learner.  Also contained in each document are Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA), Curricular Milestones (CM), and Reporting Milestones (RM) relevant to the case.

Educational objectives: 

- Efficiently and effectively assess and manage common geriatric syndromes in a variety of clinical settings.

- Demonstrate the ability to navigate difficult communication scenarios in a long-term care environment, while providing leadership, mediating conflict between interdisciplinary team members and/or family members, and providing high quality care.

- Provide compassionsate, patient-centered care at the end of life, using high-level communication strategies.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

n/a

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

None, though plans to present this at AGS/ADGAP in 2019.

Date posted: 
Mon, 11/12/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 08/08/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Simulation Curriculum for Geriatric Medicine Fellows. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

ACUTE MANAGEMENT OF OLDER ADULT FOUND DOWN WITH ALTERED MENTAL STATUS

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

This case study was developed for use in academic coursework and as a standalone training for health care providers (MDs, ARNP, Pharmacists, Social Workers, Nurses). This unfolding case study about the management of an older adult in the midst of a health crisis. This case is a composite of many actual cases seen in Emergency Departments. During the course of this case study, learners are presented with information as the providers learn of the patient’s emergent and ongoing health concerns – from her Emergency Department admission through her Intensive Care Unit stay. Learners are asked to make decisions and use their best judgment about how to care for this patient.

Educational objectives: 

 

  • Apply knowledge of evidence-based care provision to an older adult found with altered mental status after a ground level fall
  • Describe the contributions of the interprofessional team to care management
  • Demonstrate effective communication during handoffs in care
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Citations are listed at the bottom of the screen throughout the case study.

Date posted: 
Fri, 07/27/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 05/22/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
ACUTE MANAGEMENT OF OLDER ADULT FOUND DOWN WITH ALTERED MENTAL STATUS. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

Iron Deficiency Anemia Across the Lifespan

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

The Iron Deficiency Anemia across the Lifespan module was created for first-year medical students in the Cellular Function in Medical Genetics Course. The purpose of the module is to teach first-year medical students the basic biochemistry of anemia, the metabolism of iron and common clinical presentations of anemia.

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common nutritional deficiency; therefore it is likely that most students will care for patients with IDA sometime during their career. While Anemia is one of the most frequent problems encountered in Primary Care, its diagnosis could be easily overlooked, as the clinical presentation is not usually classic/traditional. For example: tiredness, and lack of energy, may be mistakenly attributed to aging instead of that to anemia. Therefore we thought that an important competency that students need to demonstrate early during training is the ability to recognize clinical presentations of iron deficiency anemia in different age groups. Early exposure and thorough understanding of IDA presentation across the lifespan is important to preparing learners to recognize and treat IDA effectively.

This module incorporates interactive case studies related to the profile of three at risk populations. The case studies are provided at the end of the module for learners to apply principles to virtual patient cases. The module is designed to enhance learning by comparing and contrasting between IDA signs, symptoms and treatment throughout the lifespan. The clinical symptoms and presentations of the cases are adequate for first-semester medical students. Students were given an hour to complete the module, which should be sufficient for students in their first year.

Educational objectives: 
  • Identify common conditions that might predispose a patient to iron deficiency anemia (IDA).
  • Interpret the signs, symptoms, and laboratory values that are associated with IDA.
  • Evaluate three case studies resembling groups that are at high risk for IDA.
Date posted: 
Wed, 05/16/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 04/02/2018
Product Viewing Instructions: 
We recommend using Google Chrome. Users will need to ensure that flash is enabled on their browser.
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Iron Deficiency Anemia Across the Lifespan. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

Interprofessional Didactic on Medication Reconciliation for Medical and Pharmacy Students

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Introduction
Medical schools are now required to include interprofessional training in which students collaborate with other healthcare professionals. This interprofessional didactic session was created by a pharmacist and physicians to teach a group of medical and pharmacy students about medication reconciliation.
Methods
A physician and pharmacist collaborated to deliver this 50-minute PowerPoint didactic during second-year medical students’ clinical skills course. Participating students included second-year medical students at the author’s institution, plus all pharmacy students rotating at the institution on the day of the didactic, since the author’s institution does not have its own pharmacy school. The didactic consists of lecturing, interprofessional small group work on cases, and large group discussion. Students were surveyed after the didactic to assess their attitudes about the session.
Results
A total of 63 students (54 medical and 9 pharmacy students) attended this didactic. Survey response rate was 58/63 (92%). On a 5-point Likert scale (1=Strongly Disagree, 5=Strongly Agree), students generally agreed that the lecture was valuable (mean +/- SD 4.7 +/- 0.5), provided new information (4.4 +/- 0.7), and should be continued for future students (4.7 +/- 0.5). Students also agreed that their school should have more interprofessional didactics (4.6 +/- 0.6).
Discussion
This 50-minute interprofessional didactic for medical and pharmacy students was highly valued by students, and provides a valuable setting for interprofessional education. This interprofessional didactic can be replicated at other institutions, including medical schools that do not have an on-site pharmacy school.

Educational objectives: 

By the end of this activity, learners will be able to:
1. Appreciate the difficulties many patients have with taking medications appropriately.
2. Describe how to approach patients in a collaborative, nonthreatening manner about their medications.
3. Identify how to appropriately obtain and document a patient’s complete medication list.
4. Appreciate the importance of maintaining an accurate medication list during times of transitions of care.
5. Appreciate the value of interprofessional learning.

Date posted: 
Thu, 02/15/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 02/15/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Didactic on Medication Reconciliation for Medical and Pharmacy Students. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

Medication Management

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

The Medication Management Module uses a team approach to reduce error and improve the quality of health care for older adults. This interdisciplinary formative assessment tool for Elder Safety can be utilized by fourth-year medical students, residents in training, practicing physicians and other medical professionals. Learners will take a pre-test, review learning objectives, exemplar and video demonstrations, have access to reference materials and links to websites for Medication Management. Physicians and other healthcare providers will be able to establish a protocol for medication management in their practice to reduce medication errors and misadventures. 

Educational objectives: 

1. Understand the impact of medication errors and adverse drug events 

2. Be able to establish an evidence based standardized protocol for medication reconciliation

3. Access evidence based resources and methods for medication management

4. Learn the components of a comprehensive medication history

5. Comprehend the necessity for a standaarized protocol for medication reconciliation

6.  Geriatric specialists provide a Medication Management focus on three target areas: Pain Management, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular

 

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

To access the material, go to the Learning Center at https://www.ilearn.nbome.org to access the Elder Safety Modules:

  • Select your learning activity (Medication Management) and addit to your cart.
  • In the cart, click Proceed to Checkout. this will prompt you to either create a new account or login to your exisitng one.
  • Create your free account by entering the required information.
  • Once completed you will be directed back to the catalog to complete your course registration.
  • There is No Charge for viewing the Advance Care Plan Module.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Marquez-Hall, S., Horber, D. (2017) Web-based formative assessment: An innovative way to assess and improve physician/patient care using an interprofessional team approach. Joint presentation with the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners at the American Association of Osteopathic Medicine and Association of Osteopathic Directors and Medical Educators Annual Conference, Baltimore, MD

Date posted: 
Tue, 01/16/2018
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Information for accessing the Elder Safety Modules can be found in the Additional Details Section.
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Medication Management. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

Compendium of Five Case Studies: Lessons for Interprofessional Teamwork in Education and Workplace Learning Environments

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
999
Abstract: 

The VA Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education began educational activities in Academic Year 2011-2012 to improve primary care education, particularly to harmonize the education of clinician trainees with the emerging and future practice of primary care exemplified by patient centered care such as VA’s Patient Aligned Care Team model for primary care delivery. This volume shares examples of educational strategies that have
emerged from the first four academic years of the project, with each chapter being a case study from a participating site. Each case study reports on the implementation of a curricular element within their unique Center of Excellence. These case studies are intended to be of use to those interested in introducing curricular activities in accredited programs for health profession trainees that will lead to
the advancement of interprofessional, Veteran/patient-centered primary care. These case studies also represent one component of the project’s evaluation plan, designed by Annette Gardner, Ph.D. We have attempted to inform readers about the context of the institutions and readiness for change, the steps each program completed to design and develop strategies, gain leadership commitments,
implement, and evaluate these interventions in the spirit of continuous improvement. Additional reports about the project have been published, are in press, or are in the pipeline. Further, many of the references in this document have full-text available online. We have provided live links for ease of access to these additional resources.

Educational objectives: 

Shared Decision-Making: Care is aligned with the values, preferences and cultural perspectives of the patient. Curricula focus is on communication skills necessary to promote patient’s self-efficacy.


Sustained Relationships: Care is designated to promote continuity of care; curricula focus on longitudinal learning relationships.


Interprofessional Collaboration: Care is team based, efficient and coordinated, curricula focus is on developing trustful, collaborative relationships.


Performance Improvement: Care is designed to optimize the health of populations; curricula focus on using the methodology of continuous improvement in redesigning care to achieve quality outcomes.

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education (2017). Compendium of Five Case Studies: Lessons for Interprofessional Teamwork in Education and Workplace Learning Environments 2011-2016 (S. Gilman & L. Traylor Eds.): United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Academic Affiliations. ISBN: 978-0-16-094202-0

Date posted: 
Wed, 05/16/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 05/16/2018
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Download Adobe pfd file
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Compendium of Five Case Studies: Lessons for Interprofessional Teamwork in Education and Workplace Learning Environments. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

Goals of Care/Medication Management Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

This goals of care and/or medication management Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is designed to use with a learner during a patient encounter. The teacher observes the learner with a patient discussing goals of care and/or medication managment and completes the form. The teacher then reviews the form with the learner and provides feedback of what skills were observed, partially observed, not observed, not applicable and comments about the encounter.

Educational objectives: 

Learners who are administered this Goals of Care/Medication Management Mini-CEX will:
1)be observed discussing goals of care and medication management with their patients and families.
2)receive feedback about their communication skills with patients and families.
3)obtain record of their goals of care and/or medication managment assessment skills using a Mini-CEX.

Date posted: 
Mon, 01/23/2017
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 01/23/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Goals of Care/Medication Management Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2017 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

The Hospitalized Older Adult

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
999
Abstract: 

Older adults are exposed to multiple hazards during hospitalization resulting in multiple complications that limit their return to their functional and cognitive baseline. It is critical that healthcare providers are trained on best practices in the care of hospitalized older adults. This product is a monthlong module for M4 students during their Sub I rotation, that focuses on educating them on the hazards of hospitalization, best practices in the care of hospitalized older adults, issues that occur during transitions of care and best practices to ensure optimal transitions across care settings. The module starts with an initial lecture on hazards of hospitalization and best practices in the care of older adults. This is followed by assignments in which students are assigned older aduts to care for. Using a checklist, they evaluate the care that these patients have received and also implement best practices in the care of their patient. They also participate in an interdisciplinary team meeting that focuses on these aspects of care.  This is followed by another assignment in which they are involved in deciding on the most appropriate discharge care setting their patient. They subsequently place a post discharge call to their patient to identify any issues thay may have encountered post discharge and assist them in resolving some of these issues. Through the month, students share their experiences on blackboard, outlining hazards they identified in their patients,  challenges in implementing best practices, choice of discharge care setting and reasons for their choices along with care transitions issues identified in their patients. Additionally they are required to review educational materials and published articles posted on blackboard, focused on hazards of hospitalization, best practices in care, settings of care and transitions of care.  A final class is held with the students at the end of the month discussing the rotation and their experiences, with a focus on settings of care and best practices in transitions of care.

Educational objectives: 

At the end of this course, each participant will be able to:

1. Describe the hazards of hospitalization of older adults.

2. Evaluate the care and implement best practices in the management of a hospitalized older adult.

3. Enumerate the discharge options available in a particular case scenario.

4. Compare and contrast the problematic elements of care transition with those of an ideal care transition.

Date posted: 
Tue, 10/25/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 10/25/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
The Hospitalized Older Adult. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

Family Medicine Resident and Geriatric Fellow Longitudinal Home Visit Curriculum

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

With an aging population, the need to train primary care residents and geriatric fellows in home-based care continues to grow. A needs assessment of family medicine residents and geriatric fellows' attitudes and knowledge was performed to guide a novel, longitudinal home care curriculum based out of a Home-Based Primary Care practice within the Family Medicine Center.

Fellows are assigned a panel of two home visit patients from the Family Medicine Center's Home-Based Primary Care practice. Fellows follow these patients monthly and manage their care between visits.  In today’s rapidly changing clinical environment, primary care physicains and geriatricians must be adapt at analyzing systems and processes they work under and making changes to improve patient care. A new home visit program is a natural venue for a specific, achievable quality improvement intervention with support from faculty, the Home Based Primary Care practice team and the Family Medicine Center Patient and Family Advisory Council. 

The longitudinal family medicine resident curriculum is based on graded autonomy and focused objectives for each level with the ultimate goal of residents feeling empowered to include home visits in their future practice. After home visit sessions, residents complete personal, written reflections after each visit to optimize learning and retention, as well as for giving a venue for processing potentially challenging situations. Sample reflections are included. Third-year residents facilitate an interdisciplinary case conference to address various social determinants of health, home safety issues and medication concerns. By residency graduation, residents will complete 10-14 home visits. 

 
Educational objectives: 
  1. Describe challenges and opportunities unique to patient care in the home environment.  
  2. Review medication use and adherence while identifying medications that are no longer effective, are duplicative or carry greater burden than benefit.  Identify medications that you would recommend stopping and create a schedule for stopping these medications.
  3. Develop and implement a safety plan to make the patient’s home environment safer.
  4. Develop a personal plan to integrate home visits into your future practice.

Fellow-specific objectives:

  1. Develop, document and manage patient- and family-centered care plans related to patient’s health conditions and expected trajectory with emphasis on personal goals of care in collaboration with an interprofessional health care team and community service providers.
  2. Implement a process improvement as part of the Home Based Primary Care team.  

 

Date posted: 
Wed, 10/19/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 10/19/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Family Medicine Resident and Geriatric Fellow Longitudinal Home Visit Curriculum. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/4824

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