The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

EMS Providers

Aging and Immunity: The Important Role of Vaccines

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Sponsors: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
0
Abstract: 

Immune function wanes in all adults—whether healthy or sick—as they age into their fifth decade and beyond. Their bodies become less adept at recognizing and stopping pathogens, and the ability to develop and maintain immunity declines. Also known as  immunosenescence, age-related decline in immunity significantly contributes to the susceptibility of older adults to serious conditions, including influenza, pneumonia, and shingles.

Patients often believe that by living a healthy lifestyle, they can avoid illness and disease. While exercising, getting recommended screenings, and eating right are important for staying healthy, they alone do not prevent older adults from acquiring vaccine-preventable diseases. For older adults who feel, and generally are, healthy, it can be difficult to recognize that immunosenescence is occurring or what impact it may have. Underappreciation for immunosenescence could at least partially explain why adult vaccines remain significantly underutilized, despite their ability to stimulate and heighten immune response and boost waning immunity in older adults. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, in 2015, only 57% of Americans aged 65 years or older received a tetanus vaccine in the prior 10 years, 64% had received a pneumococcal vaccine, and only 34% had ever received a herpes zoster vaccine. Among adults 50 years and
older, four vaccine-preventable diseases alone—influenza, herpes zoster, pneumococcal disease, and pertussis—cost the United States more than $26 billion annually.

Ensuring that adult patients receive recommended vaccines is an important way to prevent unnecessary infections and reduce health care costs. Health care professionals play a key role in this process, specifically, they should:

  • Assess their adult patient’s immunization status
  • Strongly recommend vaccination at every opportunity using the 4R approach: Recommend, Repeat, Remind, Review
  • Have a program that supports in-practice vaccine administration
  • Refer patients to a health care professional who administers vaccines if you do not
  • Document vaccine administration and submit to the immunization registry

Vaccination is a critical component of protecting the health of individuals as they age. Providing a strong recommendation for vaccination at each encounter increases the likelihood of an individual accepting a vaccine, reducing the risk for debilitating illness, and protecting quality of life.

Educational objectives: 
  • Provide healthcare professionals with an understanding of the biological impact of aging on immunity,
  • Provide information to support the value of vaccination by exploring herpes zoster in depth and the role that age-related decline in immunity plays in this vaccine-preventable illness,
  • Offer practical tips and strategies for supporting aging patients’ health and overcoming barriers that may contribute to low rates of adult vaccination.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 
Date posted: 
Mon, 08/06/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 07/19/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Aging and Immunity: The Important Role of Vaccines. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

Elder Care A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Presbyphonia: The Aging Voice

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

Presbyphonia: The Aging Voice  is one of a continuing series of practical, evidence based, Provider Fact Sheets which summarize key geriatric topics and provide clinically useful assessments and interventions. Initially developed for remote, rural clinical sites, they are useful for students and health care professionals from many fields and across a very broad range of health care settings.

Educational objectives: 
  1. Explain what presbyphonia is and why it occurs
  2. Identify a diagnostic test used to confirm the diagnosis of presbyphonia
  3. Explain how presbyphonia is treated
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Subscribers to POGOe are free to reprint Elder Care on their own stationery or in other publications without obtaining specific permission, so long as:

  1. Content is not changed,
  2. No one is charged a fee to use or read the publication,
  3. Authors and their affiliated institutions are noted without change, and
  4. The reprint includes the following statement: “Reprinted courtesy of the Arizona Reynolds Program of Applied Geriatrics and the Arizona Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program”. 
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

The Elder Care provider sheets are occasionally published in the Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, which is published twice yearly.

Nelson, D. and Medina-Walpole, A. (2010, December), Elder care provider fact sheets. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(12), 2414-2415. Also available online.               

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/19/2017
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/19/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Elder Care A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Presbyphonia: The Aging Voice. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2017 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

MDTea Podcast

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Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

The MDTea podcasts are a series of podcasts designed for health and social care staff caring for older patients. Each episode we present a single topic relevant to the whole MDT caring for older people. Examples include: comprehensive geriatric assessment, Delirium, continence management, acture stroke presentaiton, communication with patients with cognitive decline, frailty and diagnosing dementia. 

Episodes are around 30 minutes long and each episode comes with referenced show notes and a free infographic. They are mapped to the UK postgraduate curriculums.

 

Availiable at: www.thehearingaidpodcasts.org.uk or via itunes

Educational objectives: 

These are specific to each episode and can be found at the top of the show notes

Date posted: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
MDTea Podcast. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Elder Mistreatment

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Although estimates vary, it is generally believed that 11% of the elderly are abused. According to the National Incidence Study on Elder Abuse, approximately 450,000 elderly experienced abuse each year. If self-neglect is included, the number increases to 551,000. Elder mistreatment is too large of a problem for any one person or one discipline to resolve. Incorporating the expertise of all the members of the interprofessional healthcare team is critical to determine the facts in the situation and the motives of the people involved. Healthcare providers can only see what is presented in the clinical setting. There is so much of the story that may not be manifested in a routine exam and encounter. Having all team members knowledgeable about the sometimes subtle signs of elder mistreatment is helpful for eliciting information and devising a holistic intervention plan.

The University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTSHC) Reynolds Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas (IGET-IT) Program has developed an Elder Mistreatment module as part of the Interprofessional Communication Improvement Modules (ICIM) Elder Safety series. The ICIM Elder Safety modules were created in collaboration with the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners (NBOME) and are supported, in part, by a grant from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. The goal of the Elder Safety ICIMs is to provide innovative and sustainable programs to improve the ability of physicians to work with other health disciplines in teams to provide better care for geriatric patients. The care of older adults can be very complex and studies have shown that a team approach can be most effective in leading to quality outcomes.

 

Educational objectives: 

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Define “elder mistreatment”
  • Describe the prevalence of elder mistreatment in the US
  • Define the multiple forms of elder mistreatment
  • Identify risk factors for elder mistreatment
  • List indicators of elder mistreatment
  • Prioritize the steps of elder mistreatment assessment
  • Determine the approach for including an elder mistreatment assessment in an IP team model of geriatric assessment
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Marquez Hall, S. (2016, May). Assessment Tool for Elder Safety on the Topics of Falls Risk and Elder Mistreatment. Presented at American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting Education Product Showcase, Long Beach, CA.

Date posted: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Select your activities and add them to your cart. In the cart, click Proceed to Checkout. You will be prompted to create a new account or log in to your existing one. Once your account is created, you will be directed back to complete your registration.
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Elder Mistreatment. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Fall Risk Education & Assessment

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

Each year, one in every three adults ages 65 or older falls and 2 million are treated in emergency departments for fall-related injuries. The risk of falling increases with each decade of life. The long-term consequences of fall injuries, such as hip fractures and traumatic brain injuries (TBI), can impact the health and independence of older adults. However, falls are not necessarily an inevitable part of aging. In fact, many falls can be prevented. All healthcare professionals can take actions to protect older adults.

The University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTSHC) Reynolds Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas (IGET-IT) Program has developed a Fall Risk Assessment and Education module as part of the Interprofessional Communication Improvement Modules (ICIM) Elder Safety series. The ICIM Elder Safety modules were created in collaboration with the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners (NBOME) and are supported, in part, by a grant from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. The goal of the Elder Safety ICIMs is to provide innovative and sustainable programs to improve the ability of physicians to work with other health disciplines in teams to provide better care for geriatric patients. The care of older adults can be very complex and studies have shown that a team approach can be most effective in leading to quality outcomes.

Educational objectives: 

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Describe risk factors associated with falls in older adults using a comprehensive fall risk assessment.
  • Identify examination components to assess for fall risk.
  • Describe how neurocognitive features can contribute to the risk of falls.
  • Identify four essential tests to assess neurocognitive features.
  • Describe how sensory factors impact the risk of falls.
  • Identify exams to assess sensory factors.
  • Identify the prescription, nonprescription, nutritional supplements, and food/drug interactions that are most frequently associated with an increased fall risk.
  • Discuss polypharmacy and its impact on fall risk.
  • Examine the evidence behind nutritional supplements that may help reduce fractures from falls.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Gimpel, J., & Dowling, D.J. (2014, August). Watch Your Step: An Osteopathic Approach to Patient Fall Prevention and Intervention. Presented at the Pennsylvania Osteopathic Family Physicians Society Annual Convention, Hershey, PA.

Marquez Hall, S. (2016, May). Assessment Tool for Elder Safety on the Topics of Falls Risk and Elder Mistreatment. Presented at American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting Education Product Showcase, Long Beach, CA.

Date posted: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Select your activities and add them to your cart. In the cart, click Proceed to Checkout. You will be prompted to create a new account or log in to your existing one. Once your account is created, you will be directed back to complete your registration.
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Fall Risk Education & Assessment. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Interprofessional Education

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Family caregivers are on the frontlines managing complicated chronic illnesses, assisting with day-to-day functioning, and providing direct care to manage symptoms and improve the quality of life of their loved ones. Yet, health professions students, medical/surgical residents, and care providers receive little, if any, training on the vital role that caregivers play on the healthcare team and how, effective partnering optimizes patient care throughout the illness trajectory and at end-of life.

The goal of Building Caregiver Partnerships through Innovative Interprofessional Education is to create effective partnerships between healthcare providers and family caregivers to reduce the burdens, ease suffering, and enhance the meaning of the caregiving experience for the patient, family and health care providers.  The project centers on a 20-minute film, No Roadmap: Caregiver Journeys, which features the compelling stories of four caregiving families. The film and companion discussion guides as well as resources for case-based learning and structured clinical encounters are freely accessible on the website. http://www.neomed.edu/medicine/palliativecare/building-caregiver-partnerships/

The website is designed so that faculty can easily select the materials that best fit their learners’ needs and the time constraints within their programs. The curricula is appropriate for medical, pharmacy, nursing, and other health professions educational programs at both undergraduate and graduate levels. Additionally, tools have been developed for interdisciplinary team-based forums and health provider training.  For medical/surgical residency programs, relevant ACGME milestones are identified. 

Educational objectives: 

The objectives of the educational tools are to prepare learners to:
• Describe home-based eldercare as a shared experience and the importance of building a relationship with family caregivers and care recipients based on trust, compassion and open communication; 
• Describe the vital role of family caregivers as important, but under recognized, members of the health care team;
• Discuss the meaning and challenges of family caregiving;
• Engage caregivers in meaningful discussions to identify the needs, values and goals of their caregiving family;
• Identify resources to address caregiver concerns and provide ongoing support; and
• Provide holistic team-based care to family caregivers that improves the quality of life for the care recipient and the caregivers. 

 

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

~~Date/Location Meeting/Forum Presentation Title Presenter(s)
Jan 28-31, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona; Society of Teachers of Family Medicine; 45 min presentation;  Exploring Caregiver Journeys: A Curricular Tool for Family Medicine Clerks;  D. Sperling; J.T. Thomas

March 10-13, 2016; Chicago, Ill;  American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine;  60-min workshop; Using Film to Foster Empathetic Partnerships between Care Providers and Family Caregivers;  J. Drost; E. Scott; M. Scott; D. Damore; S. Radwany

May 19-21, 2016; Long Beach, Ca; American Geriatrics Society; Poster; Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Innovative Health Professions Education; E. Scott, S. Radwany, D. Drost, K. Baughman, B. Palmisano, M. Sanders

May 19-21, 2016; Long Beach, Ca; American Geriatrics Society; Educational Product Session; Building Caregiver Partnership Through Innovative Health Professions Education; J. Drost; B. Palmisano

May 25, 2016; NEOMED Department of Family and Community Medicine Resident Scholarship Day; 15 min presentation; Exploring Caregiver Journeys: A Curricular Tool for Family Medicine Residents; D. Sperling; J.T. Thomas
 

Date posted: 
Mon, 12/12/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Fri, 05/19/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Interprofessional Education. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

Ambulatory Geriatrics Curriculum for Internal Medicine Residents Module on BPSD: Agitation and Behavioral Problems in Dementia

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Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

In 2012, 5.4 million Americans are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease.  Lifetime risk of experiencing BPSD (Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia) is nearly 100%.  BPSD is associated with increased morbidity and nursing home placement and is potentially treatable.  The information in this curriculum has been created to help the general internal medicine residents have a structured approach to the evaluation and management of BPSD.  This is the 3rd topic covered in a four part ambulatory geriatric curriculum that was developed for internal medicine residents.  To learn more about the successful ambulatory curriculum developed, please  check out  manuscript by Chang C1, Callahan EH, Hung WW, Thomas DC, Leipzig RM, DeCherrie LV. A Model for Integrating the Assessment and Management of Geriatric Syndromes Into Internal Medicine Continuity Practice: 5-Year Report. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2015 Jul 9:1-15.

Educational objectives: 

At the conclusion of this module, learners will be able to:

  1. Define BPSD
  2. Evaluate BPSD
  3. Discuss the Guidelines for Management of BPSD
    • Nonpharmacologic Interventions
    • Pharmacologic Interventions
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Christine Changab*, Eileen H. Callahanab, William W. Hungc, David C. Thomasb, Rosanne M. Leipzigab & Linda V. DeCherrieab A Model for Integrating the Assessment and Management of Geriatric Syndromes Into Internal Medicine Continuity Practice: 5-Year Report Gerontology & Geriatrics Education. Published online: 09 Jul 2015. DOI:10.1080/02701960.2015.1031897.

Date posted: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Ambulatory Geriatrics Curriculum for Internal Medicine Residents Module on BPSD: Agitation and Behavioral Problems in Dementia. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

Nonpharmacologic Management of BPSD: Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

In 2012, 5.4 million Americans were diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease.  Lifetime risk of experiencing BPSD (Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia) is nearly 100%.  BPSD is associated with increased morbidity and nursing home placement and is potentially treatable.  The information in this curriculum has been created to help the general internist have a structured approach to the evaluation and management of BPSD. 

Educational objectives: 

Participants will be able to:

  1. Define BPSD
  2. Evaluate BPSD
  3. Discuss the Guidelines for Management of BPSD
Date posted: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Nonpharmacologic Management of BPSD: Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

Interprofessional Collaborator Mini-Course

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Physicians (and other health professionals) are often expected to participate with teams of health professionals; however, postgraduate training infrequently includes interprofessional (IP) or team training.  Thus, this curriculum was developed to teach and demonstrate the knowledge, skills and attitudes which lead to successful IP collaboration.  While created for an audience of in-training physicians, it may be used with other health professional audiences.

During a four-week geriatrics rotation, medicine interns complete a fifty-minute, in-person, multimedia lecture to introduce the IP collaborator concept and the Canadian and American IP competency frameworks. The IP pocket card is demonstrated and interns complete a guided, team-meeting video observation exercise. Using a SurveyMonkey, narrative reporting tool, interns analyze team competencies that they observe or initiate during geriatrics team meetings during the rotation. They report on two interactions. They complete a closing SurveyMonkey questionnaire and have an in-person debriefing.

Educational objectives: 

Given opportunity to work with interprofessional teams for patient care on the Geriatrics Block Rotation:

  • Learner will recognize interprofessional competencies.
  • Learner will understand the role of interprofessional collaborator.
  • Learner will observe and demonstrate the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to be an interprofessional collaborator according to CIHC and IPEC competencies
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 
Poster Presentation: Interprofessional Collaborator Curriculum
InterProfessional Care for the 21st Century
Redefining Education & Practice
Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA
October 2014
Date posted: 
Tue, 06/14/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/03/2019
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Collaborator Mini-Course. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

IMPACT/INTERACT: Improving Care Transitions to Post Acute Care

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

This one hour video lecture with accompanying PowerPoint slides provides an overview of the Impact/Interact quality improvement study being conducted at Vanderbilt Medical Center. The target audience is Interdisciplinary Health Care Professionals.

 

Educational objectives: 

Upon completion of this material you will be able to:

  • Discuss quality improvement goals of IMPACT and INTERACT studies.
 
Date posted: 
Wed, 03/23/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 03/23/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
IMPACT/INTERACT: Improving Care Transitions to Post Acute Care. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/401

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