The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

Curriculum/Syllabus

An instructional plan of lessons and objectives aimed at helping learners gain a particular set of skills and knowledge. This plan can include a reading list, syllabus, lesson plan or course outline. Sometimes describes the implementation of programs such as chief residency training or student mentor programs.

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept III.C. (Approach to Older Adults: Recognition of Personal and Societal Biases)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

Biases most often occur in the presence of unfounded assumptions about a particular group of persons. Unrecognized bias may negatively impact care. Societal bias against aging as well as stigma of mental illness and substance misuse compound the likelihood that older adults with mental and cognitive health problems are likely to experience bias. For example, some may view such patients as ‘difficult’ or ‘troublesome.’ All too often, biases result in a failure to act on the behalf of the patient. Nurses must first recognize and confront personal and societal biases, often expressed through labeling, and then work to preclude their negative influence on mental health promotion, screening, assessment and treatment for older adults.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Dementia
  • Restraints
Educational objectives: 

Increase awareness of personal and societal biases and their influence on caring for older adults with mental illness.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept III.C. (Approach to Older Adults: Recognition of Personal and Societal Biases). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept III.B. (Approach to Older Adults: Age/Culturally Appropriate Interventions and Communications)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

Older adults with deficits in sensory, cognitive and/or neurological function may communicate both verbally and nonverbally through behavioral cues. Likewise, nurses must recognize the role of the individual’s cultural heritage, including language and spirituality, as well as gender, sexual orientation, and personal perceptions of health and illness in interpreting and understanding behavior. Finally, taking into account the elder’s education, life experiences, and previous psychiatric history  as well as cognitive function  is critical to  achieving culturally appropriate, respectful communication and effectively tailored interventions.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • African American Elders
  • Communication
  • Cultural diversity
  • Cultural sensitivity
  • Dementia
  • Native American Elders
  • Palliative Care
  • Rural Elders
  • Spiritual beliefs
Educational objectives: 

Increase awareness of culturally appropriate care for older adults with mental health issues.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept III.B. (Approach to Older Adults: Age/Culturally Appropriate Interventions and Communications). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept III.A. (Approach to Older Adults: Age-Related Adaptations)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

Clinicians caring for patients with mental health issues must be aware of the impact of aging and age-and-disease related changes on mental illness and its expression. Interventions will need to be tailored or adapted to respond the changes that commonly occur in late life. An example would be taking into consideration sensory/perceptual function and cognitive status. Other important elements to consider are older adults’ comfort with technology and health literacy. Nurses must educate patients, families and peers about these changes and adaptations for self-care, teaching, and other interventions.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Advance care planning
  • Caregiving
  • Cognition
  • Dementia
  • Life span planning
  • Vital aging
Educational objectives: 

Increase knowledge about the impact of aging and age-and-disease related changes on expression of mental health & illness and adapted interventions.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept III.A. (Approach to Older Adults: Age-Related Adaptations). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.G. (Management: Ethical/Legal and Socioeconomic Factors)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Geropsychiatric Nursing Collaborative has developed Geropsychiatric Nursing Competency Enhancements and 27 associated Key Concepts (see POGOe Product 20660) to draw attention to the special mental health issues of older adults and assist faculty to address them. The key concepts are organized into four domains: assessment, management, approach to older adults, and role. This product provides an index of resources addressing Key Concept II.G. -- Management: Ethical/legal and socioeconomic factors.

Clinicians caring for patients with mental health issues often find that there are ethical and legal factors that must be addressed. Ethical questions arise when desire for autonomy (the patient's ability to make informed decisions) conflicts with safety concerns, for example, balancing the independence of driving for patients with dementia while considering the safety of the patient and public. Likewise, older adults with dementia or other mental health issues are at special risk for self neglect as well as elder abuse and mistreatment. Patients’ desires to protect perpetrators post ethical/legal concerns for providers. Other important elements to protect older adults with mental health issues and/or cognitive impairment include providing for a durable power of attorney or the appointment of a guardian. Finally, older adults’ potentially limited  socioeconomic resources and health care insurance status must be considered when recommending treatment strategies.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Caregiving
  • Elder Mistreatment
  • Elder Abuse
  • Domestic Violence
  • Advance Care Planning
  • Dementia
Educational objectives: 

Increase knowledge about ethical, legal and socioeconomic issues affecting care recommendations, decision making, and adherence.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.G. (Management: Ethical/Legal and Socioeconomic Factors). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.F. (Management: Patient/Family/Peer Education: Mental and Physical Health Interactions)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Geropsychiatric Nursing Collaborative has developed Geropsychiatric Nursing Competency Enhancements and 27 associated Key Concepts (see POGOe Product 20660) to draw attention to the special mental health issues of older adults and assist faculty to address them. The key concepts are organized into four domains: assessment, management, approach to older adults, and role. This product provides an index of resources addressing Key Concept II.F. -- Management: Patient/family/peer education: Mental and physical health interactions.

Understanding the association between mental and physical health is important for patients and their families who may have limited knowledge of mental health issues. For example, the more patients and family caregivers know about the possible meaning of new onset acute confusion [delirium], the better able they will be to seek early treatment for medical problems that first exhibit with psychiatric symptoms. Further, affective and cognitive disorders and symptoms should not be viewed as a ‘normal consequence of aging.’ To be able to offer support to patients and families, nurses must recognize the biological and psychological factors contributing to mental disorders.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Dementia
  • Delirium
  • Caregiving
Educational objectives: 

Increase skill in conveying knowledge of biological and psychological factors that contribute to mental health disorders in late life.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.F. (Management: Patient/Family/Peer Education: Mental and Physical Health Interactions). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.E. (Management: Influences from Decisional Dapacity, Health Literacy)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Geropsychiatric Nursing Collaborative has developed Geropsychiatric Nursing Competency Enhancements and 27 associated Key Concepts (see POGOe Product 20660) to draw attention to the special mental health issues of older adults and assist faculty to address them. The key concepts are organized into four domains: assessment, management, approach to older adults, and role. This product provides an index of resources addressing Key Concept II.E. -- Management: Influences from decisional capacity, health literacy.

Older adults with mental health disorders and/or cognitive impairments may experience diminished decision-making capacity. As a result, nurses must be aware of factors contributing to, and signs and consequences of, diminished capacity.

Further, less than  a full 12 years of formal education is common for many of today’s older adults.  For these and all older adults, achieving appropriate treatment goals may be hindered by difficulty in understanding medical language, and reduced health literacy may prevent an otherwise willing and capable individual from understanding and carrying out recommendations .

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Decision Making
  • Dementia
  • Delirium
  • Health Literacy
Educational objectives: 

1) Increase awareness of knowledge of factors contributing to and affected by decisional capacity. 2) Increase knowledge of strategies to promote health literacy.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.E. (Management: Influences from Decisional Dapacity, Health Literacy). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.D. (Management: Referrals)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Geropsychiatric Nursing Collaborative has developed Geropsychiatric Nursing Competency Enhancements and 27 associated Key Concepts (see POGOe Product 20660) to draw attention to the special mental health issues of older adults and assist faculty to address them. The key concepts are organized into four domains: assessment, management, approach to older adults, and role. This product provides an index of resources addressing Key Concept II.D. -- Management: Referrals.

Referral resources are important to meet the needs of older adults with mental health issues. Nurses at all levels can make significant contributions to managing mental health problems in older adults. Recognizing when a client’s needs may extend beyond the nurse’s scope of practice or repertoire of expertise and making appropriate referrals are, however,  important components of good management.   To best meet the mental health needs of older adults, the nurse must be able to access a network of mental health experts for patients who need more extensive psychiatric treatment and of community agencies for provision of supportive services.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Caregiving
  • Delirium
  • Hospital
Educational objectives: 

Increase awareness and utilization of referral resources for older adults with mental health issues.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.D. (Management: Referrals). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.C. (Management: Pharmacotherapeutics)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Geropsychiatric Nursing Collaborative has developed Geropsychiatric Nursing Competency Enhancements and 27 associated Key Concepts (see POGOe Product 20660) to draw attention to the special mental health issues of older adults and assist faculty to address them. The key concepts are organized into four domains: assessment, management, approach to older adults, and role. This product provides an index of resources addressing Key Concept II.C. -- Management: Pharmacotherapeutics.

Medications are commonly used to treat mental disorders in older adults, but pharmacologic management is complicated by issues such as physiologic age-related changes, co-morbid disorders, use of alcohol, recreational drugs and/or polypharmacy.

While medications can be effective in treating late life mental disorders, nurses must be aware of commonly used medications and their potential side effects. Consideration must also be given to prescribing principles pertaining to safe medication use for the older adult patient.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Depression
  • Delirium
  • Dementia
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Polypharmacy
  • Sedative hypnotics
  • Antipsychotics
  • Cholinesterase inhibitors
Educational objectives: 

Increase knowledge of medications, their actions, interactions and side effects, commonly prescribed for older adults with mental health disorders.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.C. (Management: Pharmacotherapeutics). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.B. (Management: Behavioral, environmental and pharmacological interventions and communication for behaviors)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Geropsychiatric Nursing Collaborative has developed Geropsychiatric Nursing Competency Enhancements and 27 associated Key Concepts (see POGOe Product 20660) to draw attention to the special mental health issues of older adults and assist faculty to address them. The key concepts are organized into four domains: assessment, management, approach to older adults, and role. This product provides an index of resources addressing Key Concept II.B. -- Management: Behavioral, environmental and pharmacological interventions and communication for behaviors.

The occurrence of behavioral symptoms in older adults with common mental disorders is often a source of distress for families and caregivers.  Behavioral symptoms are strongly associated with increased caregiver burden and may result in institutionalization.

Behavioral symptoms may be prevented and managed through various approaches including management of the environment and effective communication. If non-drug approaches fail to reduce the behaviors, and they are distressing to the patient, then medications may be appropriate for severe symptoms, at least on a short-term basis.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Geriatric assessment
  • Cognition
  • Dementia
  • Delirium
  • Depression
  • Alcohol Use
  • Caregiving
  • Activities of daily living
  • Pharmacologic treatment
  • Non-medical interventions
Educational objectives: 

Increase knowledge of intervention strategies to prevent and manage behavioral symptoms in older adults with mental disorders.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.B. (Management: Behavioral, environmental and pharmacological interventions and communication for behaviors). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.A. (Management: Care Transitions)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Geropsychiatric Nursing Collaborative has developed Geropsychiatric Nursing Competency Enhancements and 27 associated Key Concepts (see POGOe Product 20660) to draw attention to the special mental health issues of older adults and assist faculty to address them. The key concepts are organized into four domains: assessment, management, approach to older adults, and role. This product provides an index of resources addressing Key Concept II.A. --Management: Care Transitions.

Older adult patients undergoing mental health treatments need support  to facilitate consistent implementation of care plans across systems of care. Mental health issues in late life are often complex and nurses caring for these patients must have the knowledge and skills necessary to facilitate care across the continuum. Especially important is the interface between acute inpatient psychiatric and medical care and  nursing home, assisted living facility and home care.

Nurses can facilitate continuous care management by evaluating the patient’s functional status and support system, communicating with other providers and collaborating in an interdisciplinary manner. This knowledge is necessary to improve care outcomes of patients in transition.

This product contains resources that address the following:

  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Cognition
Educational objectives: 

Increase knowledge of strategies to improve care transitions for older adults with mental health problems.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Each of the 27 products based on the Key Concepts provides access to curriculum/teaching materials to assist faculty to infuse the geropsychiatric nursing competency enhancements into course objectives, teaching strategies, didactic content, and/or clinical experiences of relevant educational programs. These include entry level and advanced practice nursing programs in psychiatric-mental health, adult/gerontological, family, women’s health or acute care, or stand-alone geropsychiatric nursing or continuing education courses. The resources may be adapted for use with a range of learners, as indicated in each description. Each resource has been identified as appropriate to teaching the Key Concept and is described in detail.

Date posted: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 04/04/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Infusing Geropsychiatric Nursing into Curricula - Resources for Teaching Key Concept II.A. (Management: Care Transitions). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/287

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