The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

Palliative Care

Palliative Care of a Patient with End-Stage Liver Disease: An Unfolding Case Study

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

This case study was developed for use in academic coursework and as a standalone training for health care providers (MDs, ARNP, Pharmacists, Social Workers, Nurses). This unfolding case study about the management of an adult in the midst of a health crisis. This case is a composite of many actual cases seen in clinical practice. During the course of this case study, learners are presented with information as the providers learn of the patient’s emergent and ongoing health concerns – from his Emergency Department admission through the development of his palliative care plan. Learners are asked to make decisions and use their best judgment about how to care for this patient and family.

Educational objectives: 

By the end of this case study, the learner will be better able to:

  1. Understand the natural history and disease management of end stage liver disease (ESLD).
  2. Use evidence-based practice to collaboratively develop and refine goals of care for patients with chronic, progressive conditions.
  3. Work interprofessionally to ensure the best quality of care for the patient and family.
Date posted: 
Fri, 09/14/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 08/15/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Palliative Care of a Patient with End-Stage Liver Disease: An Unfolding Case Study. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Simulation Curriculum for Geriatric Medicine Fellows

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
999
Abstract: 

This material consists of a suite of nine simulated clinical cases, divided into three separate sessions of three cases each, intended to be conducted in a simulation center with simulated patients.  Cases are designed to teach geriatric medicine fellows and other appropriate learners basic geriatric assessment skills (Session one), how to navigate difficult situations in long-term care (Session two), and high-level communication skills in palliative and end-of-life care (Session three).  Each case consists of a multi-page document outlining scripts for the learner as well as the roles (patient, family member, facility staff, etc) portrayed by actors, necessary props and supporting materials, and instructions for evaluating and debriefing the learner.  Also contained in each document are Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA), Curricular Milestones (CM), and Reporting Milestones (RM) relevant to the case.

Educational objectives: 

- Efficiently and effectively assess and manage common geriatric syndromes in a variety of clinical settings.

- Demonstrate the ability to navigate difficult communication scenarios in a long-term care environment, while providing leadership, mediating conflict between interdisciplinary team members and/or family members, and providing high quality care.

- Provide compassionsate, patient-centered care at the end of life, using high-level communication strategies.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

n/a

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

None, though plans to present this at AGS/ADGAP in 2019.

Date posted: 
Mon, 11/12/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 08/08/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Simulation Curriculum for Geriatric Medicine Fellows. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Elder Care A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Ethnic, Racial, and Cultural Perceptions in End-of-Life Issues

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Ethnic, Racial, and Cultural Perceptions in End-of-Life Issues is one of a continuing series of practical, evidence based, Provider Fact Sheets which summarize key geriatric topics and provide clinically useful assessments and interventions. Initially developed for remote, rural clinical sites, they are useful for students and health care professionals from many fields and across a very broad range of health care settings.

Educational objectives: 

After reading this issue of Elder Care, you should be able to…

  1. Define ethnic and cultural identity
  2. State differences between various ethnic/cultural groups in their perceptions of end-of-life issues
  3. Improve your communication about end-of-life issues when discussing these issues with patients from ethnic/cultural groups different than your own
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Subscribers to POGOe are free to reprint Elder Care on their own stationery or in other publications without obtaining specific permission, so long as:

  1. Content is not changed,
  2. No one is charged a fee to use or read the publication,
  3. Authors and their affiliated institutions are noted without change, and
  4. The reprint includes the following statement: “Reprinted courtesy of the Arizona Reynolds Program of Applied Geriatrics and the Arizona Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program”.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

The Elder Care provider sheets are occasionally published in the Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, which is published twice yearly.

Nelson, D. and Medina-Walpole, A. (2010, December), Elder care provider fact sheets. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(12), 2414-2415. Also available online.

Date posted: 
Wed, 07/25/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 05/22/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Elder Care A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Ethnic, Racial, and Cultural Perceptions in End-of-Life Issues. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Establishing goals of care- Standardized caregiver interview

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

This Observed Standardized Caregiver (SCG) interview is designed to be used with geriatric fellows. The goal is to assess the fellow's competence in establishing goals of care with patient’s families in the ambulatory setting. 

Educational objectives: 

The case is designed to evaluate geriatric fellow’s ability to elicit the following core competencies in geriatrics assessment during a Standardized Patient Interview:
1. Establish that the caregiver is the appropriate health care designee
2. Introduce the need to have a discussion about overall goals of care
3. Establish what would be an acceptable quality of life for the patient
4. Assist the family with completing a written health care directive ( for this exercise a Practitioner Order of Life Sustaining Treatment  form - POLST )
 

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 


This exercise can be integrated into an ongoing geriatrics curriculum for geriatric fellows.
• An overview of the educational goals and patient characteristics is discussed with the fellow(s) prior to the session (15 minutes)
• Training of SCG (30 minutes)
• The fellow(s) are videotaped performing a caregiver interview (30 minutes)
• The fellow(s)complete a self-assessment tool (3 minutes)
• The SCG completes a fellow(s) assessment tool (3 minutes)
• The videotape is reviewed by the faculty with a standardized assessment tool (20 minutes)
• A group session to provide formative feedback is conducted with geriatrics faculty
 

Date posted: 
Thu, 11/16/2017
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 11/01/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Establishing goals of care- Standardized caregiver interview. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2017 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Elder Care A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Differentiating Palliative Care and Hospice Care

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Differentiating Palliative Care and Hospice Care is one of a continuing series of practical, evidence based, Provider Fact Sheets which summarize key geriatric topics and provide clinically useful assessments and interventions. Initially developed for remote, rural clinical sites, they are useful for students and health care professionals from many fields and across a very broad range of health care settings.

Educational objectives: 

After reading this issue of Elder Care, you should be able to…

  1. Explain the difference between palliative care and hospice care
  2. List three benefits of instituting palliative care prior to the terminal stage of a life-limiting illness
  3. Explain differences in eligibility requirements for receiving palliative care vs hospice care
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Subscribers to POGOe are free to reprint Elder Care on their own stationery or in other publications without obtaining specific permission, so long as:

  1. Content is not changed,
  2. No one is charged a fee to use or read the publication,
  3. Authors and their affiliated institutions are noted without change, and
  4. The reprint includes the following statement: “Reprinted courtesy of the Arizona Reynolds Program of Applied Geriatrics and the Arizona Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program”. 
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

The Elder Care provider sheets are occasionally published in the Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, which is published twice yearly.

Nelson, D. and Medina-Walpole, A. (2010, December), Elder care provider fact sheets. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(12), 2414-2415. Also available online.               

Date posted: 
Wed, 07/19/2017
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 07/19/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Elder Care A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Differentiating Palliative Care and Hospice Care. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2017 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Advance Directives

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Advance Care Planning (ACP) is more than documenting life-sustaining treatment choices or identifying a surrogate decision-maker; it is a comprehensive, continuing communication and ‘shared decision-making’ process between the patient, family, and medical providers designed to document patient values and goals for treatment.

This interactive self- learning module is designed for undergraduate medical students with the goal of introducing learners to ACP while building their confidence in facilitating difficult conversations with patients. At the beginning of the module, we provide background on ACP including the challenges and benefits associated with the process. We showcase an elderly couple discussing how important it is to have advance directives in place. The second portion of the module reviews the common forms that are used to document advance directives and two patient case scenarios where the students can interact and reflect on the acquired content.

Educational objectives: 
  • Recognize the relevance in conducting and documenting advance directive discussions with patients.
  • List commonly used advance directives documents.
  • Develop the skills necessary to engage patients in a discussion about advance directives through the use of realistic patient case scenarios.
     
Date posted: 
Wed, 07/19/2017
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Sun, 07/19/2020
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Interactive self learning module
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Advance Directives. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2017 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Goals of Care/Medication Management Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

This goals of care and/or medication management Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is designed to use with a learner during a patient encounter. The teacher observes the learner with a patient discussing goals of care and/or medication managment and completes the form. The teacher then reviews the form with the learner and provides feedback of what skills were observed, partially observed, not observed, not applicable and comments about the encounter.

Educational objectives: 

Learners who are administered this Goals of Care/Medication Management Mini-CEX will:
1)be observed discussing goals of care and medication management with their patients and families.
2)receive feedback about their communication skills with patients and families.
3)obtain record of their goals of care and/or medication managment assessment skills using a Mini-CEX.

Date posted: 
Mon, 01/23/2017
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 01/23/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Goals of Care/Medication Management Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2017 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

VirginiaGeriatrics.Org

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Intended Learner Audiences: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

The VirginiaGeriatrics.Org website consists of 6 primary resources and a secondary list of resources for further research. These primary resources include a video archive of the geriatric grand round lecture series, interactive pre-clinical basic science geriatric case studies for medical students, more advanced geriatric case studies for clinical residents, a quick consult guide for geriatric consults, an "ask the expert" discussion resource, and various educational materials related to the Virginia Geriatrics Society Conference. Additionally, spread through the website are external educational resources to complement the core material. Finally, there are some resources for patients and families that may be interested in contacting clinics and/or geriatricians.

Educational objectives: 

Listed through 6 primary education sections (Grand Rounds, Med Student Materials, Resident Materials, Quick Consults, Ask the Expert, etc)

Date posted: 
Thu, 09/22/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 09/22/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
VirginiaGeriatrics.Org. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Interprofessional Education

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Family caregivers are on the frontlines managing complicated chronic illnesses, assisting with day-to-day functioning, and providing direct care to manage symptoms and improve the quality of life of their loved ones. Yet, health professions students, medical/surgical residents, and care providers receive little, if any, training on the vital role that caregivers play on the healthcare team and how, effective partnering optimizes patient care throughout the illness trajectory and at end-of life.

The goal of Building Caregiver Partnerships through Innovative Interprofessional Education is to create effective partnerships between healthcare providers and family caregivers to reduce the burdens, ease suffering, and enhance the meaning of the caregiving experience for the patient, family and health care providers.  The project centers on a 20-minute film, No Roadmap: Caregiver Journeys, which features the compelling stories of four caregiving families. The film and companion discussion guides as well as resources for case-based learning and structured clinical encounters are freely accessible on the website. http://www.neomed.edu/medicine/palliativecare/building-caregiver-partnerships/

The website is designed so that faculty can easily select the materials that best fit their learners’ needs and the time constraints within their programs. The curricula is appropriate for medical, pharmacy, nursing, and other health professions educational programs at both undergraduate and graduate levels. Additionally, tools have been developed for interdisciplinary team-based forums and health provider training.  For medical/surgical residency programs, relevant ACGME milestones are identified. 

Educational objectives: 

The objectives of the educational tools are to prepare learners to:
• Describe home-based eldercare as a shared experience and the importance of building a relationship with family caregivers and care recipients based on trust, compassion and open communication; 
• Describe the vital role of family caregivers as important, but under recognized, members of the health care team;
• Discuss the meaning and challenges of family caregiving;
• Engage caregivers in meaningful discussions to identify the needs, values and goals of their caregiving family;
• Identify resources to address caregiver concerns and provide ongoing support; and
• Provide holistic team-based care to family caregivers that improves the quality of life for the care recipient and the caregivers. 

 

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

~~Date/Location Meeting/Forum Presentation Title Presenter(s)
Jan 28-31, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona; Society of Teachers of Family Medicine; 45 min presentation;  Exploring Caregiver Journeys: A Curricular Tool for Family Medicine Clerks;  D. Sperling; J.T. Thomas

March 10-13, 2016; Chicago, Ill;  American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine;  60-min workshop; Using Film to Foster Empathetic Partnerships between Care Providers and Family Caregivers;  J. Drost; E. Scott; M. Scott; D. Damore; S. Radwany

May 19-21, 2016; Long Beach, Ca; American Geriatrics Society; Poster; Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Innovative Health Professions Education; E. Scott, S. Radwany, D. Drost, K. Baughman, B. Palmisano, M. Sanders

May 19-21, 2016; Long Beach, Ca; American Geriatrics Society; Educational Product Session; Building Caregiver Partnership Through Innovative Health Professions Education; J. Drost; B. Palmisano

May 25, 2016; NEOMED Department of Family and Community Medicine Resident Scholarship Day; 15 min presentation; Exploring Caregiver Journeys: A Curricular Tool for Family Medicine Residents; D. Sperling; J.T. Thomas
 

Date posted: 
Mon, 12/12/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Fri, 05/19/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Interprofessional Education. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

Goals of Care Conversation Curriculum (GOCCC) Training

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

We developed a 3-part curriculum for teaching the basics of communication about goals of care (GOC) in older persons targeted towards medical students, residents, fellows, and faculty. There are 3 modules: 

1. Communicating Serious News - identifies strategies for effective communication and especially communicating serious news to patients or family members and improving our ability to transmit this news in an empathic and effective manner.

2. Goals of Care Discussion -focuses on the essential components of a GOC discussion; initiation, understanding the patient and family perspective, surrogate decision making, and concluding remarks clarifying and summarizing key discussion points and areas of understanding.

3. Managing conflict with patients and families - focuses on how to address frustrated and perhaps angry patients or family members who sometimes don’t feel that they are being listened to.  As providers, we are often put in this situation with few resources or skills to help guide us on how to deal with the patient’s and family’s emotions as well as our own. 

Each module contains a didactic lecture (45-60 minutes), examples of faculty role play (10-15 minutes), and instructions for participant role play activities. Each module is focused around a clinical case scenario done in dyads (30 minutes), and a sample evaluation form. Each module is best done in 2-hour sessions and in small groups (10-20 participants) but can be modified for 1-hour sessions. The content is applicable to a range of learners although the participant role play will likely be more meaningful for the more advanced learners.

Educational objectives: 

At the end of Module 1: Discussing Serious News, students, residents, and faculty will be able to:        

a.      Use curiosity and good listening skills to understand patient coping styles

b.      Describe empathic and effective approaches to discussing serious news

c.       Identify strategies for discussing prognosis

At the end of Module 2: Basic GOC, students, residents, and faculty will be able to:

a.       Be comfortable and effective in talking with patients and families about goals of care for patients with serious life-threatening, or chronic conditions

b.      Describe goals of care discussions as an essential component of the practice of medicine accepted within the mainstream of legal, moral, and ethical principles

c.       Articulate the complexity and subtleties of surrogate decision-making,  and the concept of substituted judgment

d.      Practice the key components of goals of care discussions in a simulation as a means of gaining competence and confidence in conducting GOC conversations

At the end of Module 3: Managing Conflict, students, residents, and faculty will be able to:

a.       Manage conflict in an effective and empathic manner to de-escalate anger and frustration experienced by patients and families during serious illness

b.      Recognize that in life-threatening situations, anger is a common response

c.       Describe communication techniques for diffusing anger

d.      Apply recommended skills to manage conflict and guide patients, families, and other clinicians through difficult decisions

Date posted: 
Mon, 06/20/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 08/08/2019
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Goals of Care Conversation Curriculum (GOCCC) Training. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/219

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