The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

Emergency Medicine

Osteoporosis Educational Series

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

This three-part lecture series provides an overview of  topics related to the elderly and osteoporosis. The lectures are designed to be presented in sequence and illustrate learning principles developed for residents but suitable for a variety of learner levels.

Lecture one: A Public Health Problem of Older Age

Lecture two: Pathogenesis and Risk Factors

Lecture three: Treatment and Prevention

Educational objectives: 

Lecture one:

  1. Define osteoporosis
  2. Describe the health impact of osteoporotic fractures from an individual to health care system level.
  3. Identify the generally recommended DEXA site to diagnose osteoporosis.

Lecture two:

  1. Explain normal and abnormal state of bone metabolism
  2. Define bone remodeling
  3. Identify risk factors for bone loss
  4. Calculate risk of facture

Lecture three:

  1. Characterize the pathophysiology of osteoporosis
  2. Identify the clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis
  3. Summarize treatment and prevention options
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Speaker notes are embedded within the PowerPoint Presentation.

Date posted: 
Thu, 08/08/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 08/08/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Osteoporosis Educational Series. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

Elder Abuse and Mistreatment: A Two-Part Training Program

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

Although health care practitioners have a legal and ethical duty to identify and intervene in suspected cases of elder abuse and mistreatment, the existing lack of knowledge and perceived barriers to reporting often interferes with this duty. The goal of the elder abuse and mistreatment learning modules is to provide case-based training to health care professionals. The training consists of two presentation modules with embedded speaker notes. Module One: Identifying Elder Abuse, focuses on the descriptions, signs and symptoms of elder abuse and mistreatment. Module Two: Screening and Intervening, concentrates on screening for elder abuse and mistreatment and provides guidance for intervention. Combined, these modules provide a basic understanding of elder abuse and mistreatment to assist health care practitioners in identifying and reporting this prominent public health problem. 

Educational objectives: 

After reviewing these modules, participants will be able to:                      

  1. Describe three types of elder abuse.
  2. List five signs and symptoms that raise suspicion of elder abuse.
  3. Identify three factors for elder abuse and neglect.
  4. Determine the steps to screen for elder abuse.
  5. Describe three interventions for victims of elder abuse.
  6. Discuss three interventions for stressed caregivers.
  7. List common community resources available to elders and their families. 
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Many of the slides within these presentations contain animations. It would be advisable to closely review slides prior to presenting to an audience. Embedded speaker notes are an additional feature of the presentations. 

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Selected Citations:

  1. Dyer CB, Hyman DJ, Festa NA, Pavlik VN:  The Profile of Texas Adult Protective Services Clients with Multiple Reports.  Presented at the Gerontological Society of America Meeting, San Francisco, CA, November 22, 1999.
  2. Dyer CB, Pavlik VN, Festa NA:  Elder Mistreatment:  Analysis of Allegation Types and Variables Associated with Multiple Allegations from a Statewide Database.  Selected for
  3. Presentation at the Presidential Poster Session at the American Geriatrics Society Meeting, Nashville, TN, May 20, 2000.Dyer CB, Toronjo C, Pavlik VN, Keith M, Silverman E:  How do Adult Protective Service
  4. Specialists Recognize Valid Self neglect.  Presented at the Gerontological Society Meeting, Washington D.C., November 19, 2000.
  5. Harrell R, Toronjo C, Dyer CB:  How do Geriatricians Diagnose Elder Abuse and Neglect?  Presented at the American Geriatrics Society Meeting, Chicago, IL, May 10, 2001.
  6. Heath J, Dyer CB, Mosqueda L:  Partnering With Adult Protective Service Agencies for Educational Experiences in Elder Mistreatment.  Presented at the American Geriatrics Society Meeting, Chicago, IL, May 10, 2001.
  7. Pavlik VN, Barth J, Khan F, Phung M, Lo M, Turner R, Hyman DJ, Dyer CB:  Abnormal Nutritional Markers in Elder Mistreatment Patients.  Presented at the Gerontological Society of America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, November 17, 2001.
  8. Dyer CB, Pavlik VN, Mitchell B, Hyman DJ, Poythress EL:  Neurospychiatric Testing in Elders with Self-Neglect.  Presented at the American Geriatrics Society Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., May 11, 2002.
  9. Dyer CB:  Outcomes of Interdisciplinary Geriatric Assessment and Intervention in Elder Abuse.  Presented at the Gerontological Society of America’s 55th annual Scientific Meeting, Boston, Ma, November 24, 2002.
  10. Dyer CB:  Outcomes of Interdisciplinary Geriatric Assessment and Intervention in Elder Abuse.  Presented at the Gerontological Society of America’s 55th Annual Scientific Meeting, Boston, MA, November 24, 2002.
  11. R Hariharan, SG Nash, VN Pavlik, J King, CB Dyer: Medical Complexities Among Elderly Abused and Neglected Patients. Presented at the American Geriatrics Society Meeting, Baltimore, MD, May 14th-18th, 2003.
  12. CB Dyer, VN Pavlik, T Regev, M Vogel, DJ Hyman, B Mitchell, EL Poythress: Outcomes of Interdisciplinary Geriatric Assessment and Intervention in Unresolved Elder Mistreatment Cases. Presented at the American Geriatrics Society Meeting, Baltimore, MD, May 14th-18th, 2003.
  13. Poythress E, Tremaine B, Dyer CB: Self-Neglecters Who Live in Squalor. Presented at the Gerontological Society of America's 56th Annual Scientific Meeting, San Diego, CA, November 21st-25th, 2003.
  14. Dyer CB, Pavlik V, Delgado M, Regev C, Vogel B, Tremaine B: Characterizing Victims of Financial Exploitation. Presented at the Gerontological Society of America's 56th Annual Scientific Meeting, San Diego, CA, November 21st-25th, 2003.
  15. Patel A, Fisher CJW, Dyer CB: Characterizing Sexual Abuse in Older Adults. Presented at the  American Geriatrics Society Meeting, Las Vegas, Na, May 20, 2004.
  16. Kim L, Nieves L, Dyer CB:  Do Medical Examines Determine Elder Mistreatment as a Cause of Death?  Presented at the American Geriatric Society Annual Scientific Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 14, 2005.
  17. Dyer CB, Nieves LE, Delossantos O, Barth J, Poythress EL, Vogel M, Tremaine B, Neycheril A, Harlan J, Kim L: The Cognitive, Functional and Social Profiles of 500 Cases of Elder Mistreatment.  Presented at the American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 11, 2005.
  18. Dyer CB, Kim LC: "Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect, & Exploitation" Current Geriatric Diagnosis & Treatment, Landefeld, Palmer, Johnson, Johnston, and Lyons eds. McGraw-Hill, 2004.
  19. Dyer CB,Kim LC: “Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect & Exploitation”, Current Geriatric Diagnosis & Treatment, Landefield, Palmer, Johnson, Johnston and Lyons eds. McGraw-Hill, 2004.
  20. Mehta MM, Dyer CB:  “A Practical Approach to Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation”, Practice of Geriatrics, 4th Edition, 2007.
  21. Brandl B, Dyer CB, Heisler CJ, Otto J, Stiegel L, Thomas R: Elder Abuse Detection and Intervention: A Collaborative Approach.  2006 Springer.

Selected Presentations:

  1. “ Elder Mistreatment: Identification, Treatment and the Prevention of Premature Death” Principles of Geriatric Care: A Certificate Program for Health Care Professionals,Houston, TX Feb 21, 2012
  2. “The Medical Signs of Abuse and Neglect”. Elder Justice Care Seminar, National Advocacy Center, Columbia, SC, January 5, 2011.
Date posted: 
Fri, 07/19/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Fri, 07/19/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , and . Elder Abuse and Mistreatment: A Two-Part Training Program. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

Polypharmacy Pocket Card

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

This pocket card on "Polypharmacy" was developed as a supplement to teaching polypharmacy to ward teams in the inpatient setting; however, it applies to patients in all care settings across the continuum. It includes both an overview of polypharmacy concepts such as risk factors and consequences, as well as immediately applicable tools such as clinical considerations in older adults, the Beer's Criteria, and the Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI).

Educational objectives: 

With use of this pocket card, learners should be able to:

  1. Diagnose polypharmacy occurence in patients of all ages
  2. Explain the adverse consequences associated with polypharmacy
  3. Manage patients' medication lists by stopping and starting medications appropriately
  4. Apply validated resources to decrease polypharmacy such as the Beers Citeria and the MAI
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Uses:

  1. The card is most commonly discussed and handed to learners in real time evalutaion of medication reconciliation and order writing during admission day rounds.
  2. The card has been used in the manner of "educational detailing" for raising awareness of polypharmacy and giving tools for immediate intervention.
  3. The card has been used by trainees to teach other trainees about polypharmacy as they move onto other services.
  4. The card is used as a supplement to polypharmacy lectures given to medical students, house officers, and fellows in different teaching venues.

This pocket card can also be accessed at http://www.gerisage.com/pocket_cards/Polypharmacy.pdf

Date posted: 
Fri, 06/15/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 05/29/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, and . Polypharmacy Pocket Card. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

Elder Care: A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Elder Abuse: Clinician Reporting

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Elder Abuse: Clinician Reporting is one of a continuing series of practical, evidence based, Provider Fact Sheets which summarize key geriatric topics and provide clinically useful assessments and interventions. Initially developed for remote, rural clinical sites, they are useful for students and health care professionals from many fields and across a very broad range of health care settings.

Educational objectives: 

After reading this issue of Elder Care, you should be able to…

  1. Identify reasons why clinicians fail to report elder abuse to Adult Protective Service (APS) agencies
  2. State current recommendations about screening for elder abuse
  3. Report suspected elder abuse to APS and know what to expect in terms of a response from APS.
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Subscribers to POGOe are free to reprint Elder Care on their own stationery or in other publications without obtaining specific permission, so long as

  1. content is not changed,
  2. no one is charged a fee to use or read the publication,
  3. authors and their affiliated institutions are noted without change, and
  4. the reprint includes the following statement: “Reprinted courtesy of the Arizona Reynolds Program of Applied Geriatrics and the Arizona Geriatric Education Center."
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

The Elder Care provider sheets are occasionally published in the Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, which is published twice yearly. (Available at www.reynolds.med.arizona.edu/EduProducts/ElderCareProviderSheets.cfm)

Date posted: 
Wed, 02/29/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 05/10/2021
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
and . Elder Care: A Resource for Interprofessional Providers: Elder Abuse: Clinician Reporting. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

Delirium: Impact and Recognition

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

Delirium is one of the most common complications during hospitalization for older adults. In spite of this and its association with increased morbidity, mortality and long-term cognitive impairment, delirium can be difficult to diagnose. The primary goal of this educational program is to increase knowledge and recognition of delirium for all members of the interdisciplinary hospital team, including physicians, nurses and rehabilitaton therapists.

This 20-question module is the first of two modules on delirium in the elderly hospitalized patient. This module focuses on the epidemiology, risk factors, impact and recognition of delirium in the geriatric patient. It is delivered using Interactive Spaced Education (ISE), a novel approach to online education in which small amounts of educational material are delivered and repeated over spaced intervals via interactive emails. The learner receives two questions with educational feedback every other day, and must answer each question correctly twice in a row. The average learner will complete the module in approximately 6-8 weeks, but spending only 10 minutes every other day.

Educational objectives: 

Upon completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  1. List at least three risk factors for delirium in the hospital.
  2. State that there is a relationship between episodes of delirium and long-term cognitive impairment.
  3. Recognize the prevalence, morbidity and mortality associated with delirium in hospitalized elders.
  4. Use the Confusion Assessment Method to screen for delirium.
  5. Recognize features that differentiate delirium from dementia.
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

We acknowledge the following individuals who reviewed and edited this module: Rose Bjorklund, P.T.; Catherine Currier-Buckingham, P.T. MBA; Elinor Hart, P.T.; Judith J. Joseph, OTR, MA; Lindsay Norene, M.A. CCC-SLP; Tom MacAdam, P.T.; Anita Major, M.D.; Jennifer Mebane, M.A. CCC-SLP; Lindsay Norene, M.D. CCC-SLP; Shannon Pearce, DNP, RN, A/GNP-BC; Judy Ragsdale, P.T.; James Rudolph, M.D.; Sarah Sheedy, MS CCC-SLP; George Taffet, M.D.; Terry Throckmorton, PhD, RN; Pam Willson, PhD, RN, FNP-BC.

Date posted: 
Thu, 05/02/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 05/02/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
and . Delirium: Impact and Recognition. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

The UAB Train the Trainer Experience: Teaching Geriatrics to Change Behavior

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
999
Abstract: 

This product guides the user through a four-hour workshop aimed at teaching clinician educators how to teach four geriatrics topics: delirium, medication management, health literacy, and dementia. A variety of innovative teaching techniques are integrated into each topic area. There is an introductory session on adult learning theory, and all teaching techniques introduced in the workshop are based in these theories. All materials needed to teach the four topics are included in the guide.  

Educational objectives: 
  1. Name three key principles of adult learning theory.
  2. Describe three instructional techniques that illustrate principles of adult learning theory.
  3. Teach three key points about each of the following topics: delirium, dementia, medication management and health literacy.
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Instructors that wish to present selected components of the experience will need to download the facilitators guide and only selected materials.

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

This product was presented at the 2011 Donald W. Reynolds Foundation Annual Meeting in St. Louis, MO. 

Date posted: 
Tue, 01/01/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 01/01/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
The UAB Train the Trainer Experience: Teaching Geriatrics to Change Behavior. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

Elder Abuse and Neglect Mandated Reporter Card - California

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

Template for a half-page card including: Elder abuse and neglect types and definitions in California, Mandated reporter requirement under CA WIC Code, Instructions on how to make a report of suspected abuse or neglect and Sample of reporting agencies.

Educational objectives: 
  • Recognize that anyone with full or intermittent responsibility for care or custody of an elder or dependent adult is mandated to report suspected Elder and Dependent Adult Abuse in California
  • Identify the types of abuse and neglect that require a mandated report in CA
  • Identify and compare Adult Protective Services and Long-term Care Ombudsman as agencies that will help consult about a situation, accept reports, and investigate alleged mistreatment

 

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

For additional training materials on abuse and neglect, visit the Training Institute section of the website of the Center of Excellence on Elder Abuse & Neglect at UC Irvine http://www.centeronelderabuse.org

Date posted: 
Mon, 05/13/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 05/13/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Elder Abuse and Neglect Mandated Reporter Card - California. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

High fidelity simulations to teach key concepts in emergency department care of the elderly

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
999
Abstract: 

"High fidelity simulations to teach key concepts in emergency department (ED) care of the elderly" is a series of seven high fidelity simulations designed to instruct ED medical residents as well as other providers who care for the elderly in the ED key concepts of geriatric care. The cases include gastrointestinal bleeding, myocardial infarction, altered mental status, toxicology, sepsis, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and mesenteric ischemia. Core concepts taught include medication interactions, transitions of care, delirium, suicide risks and depression in the elderly, atypical presentations of disease in the elderly, and iatrogenic injuries. The cases have been successfully deployed in an ED resident training program with resulting care improvements for the elderly.  

Educational objectives: 
  • To increase emergency medicine care givers' knowledge of geriatric principals of care
  • To promote safe delivery of care for geriatric patients in emergency departments
  • To encourage emergency medicine care givers to consider the particular aspects of geriatric medicine when caring for elderly patients in the ED
  • To encourage collaboration and enhanced communication in caring for critically ill elderly patients
  • Each simulation scenario has its own specific learning objectives and topics to discuss during debriefing.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 
  • Biese K, Roberts E, LaMantia M, Zamora Z, Shofer F, Snyder G, Patel A,Hollar D, Kizer JS, Busby-Whitehead J. Impact of a Geriatric Curriculum on Emergency Medicine Resident Attitudes, Knowledge, and Decision Making. Journal of Academic Emergency Medicine, in press
  • Presidential Poster "Best Poster" Award in Emergency Medicine American Geriatrics Society Annual Meeting 2011
  • Biese K, Roberts E, LaMantia M, Zamora Z, Shofer F, Snyder G, Patel A,Hollar D, Kizer JS, Busby-Whitehead J. Impact of a Geriatric Curriculum on Emergency Medicine Resident Attitudes, Knowledge, and Decision Making. Society Academic Emergency Medicine National Annual Assembly. Oral Presentation. Boston, MA June 3rd, 2011
Date posted: 
Mon, 10/10/2011
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 10/10/2011
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , , , and . High fidelity simulations to teach key concepts in emergency department care of the elderly. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2011 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

Caring for Elderly Patients in the Emergency Department: An interactive lecture series

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
999
Abstract: 

Caring for Elderly Patients in the Emergency Department: An interactive lecture series is a series of six lectures with multiple choice questions designed to introduce Emergency Medicine (EM) care givers to key concepts in caring for elderly patients.  The lectures address key concepts in elderly trauma, acute abdominal pain, iatrogenic injuries, altered mental status, medication management, and transitions of care and were designed by physicians in The Department of Emergency Medicine and the Division of Geriatric Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC).  The multiple choice questions can be used to asses the learners retention after the lecture series, or to test their knowledge base prior to delivering the lectures.  This curriculum was successfully delivered to the EM residents at UNC with resulting improvements in care delivery to elderly Emergency Department patients at our institution.

Educational objectives: 
  • To increase emergency medicine care givers knowledge of geriatric principals of care
  • To promote safe delivery of care for geriatric patients in emergency departments
  • To encourage emergency medicine care givers to continue to expand their knowledge base and educate colleagues in geriatric care
  • Each interactive lecture has specific objectives.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 
  • Biese K, Roberts E, LaMantia M, Zamora Z, Shofer F, Snyder G, Patel A,Hollar D, Kizer JS, Busby-Whitehead J. Impact of a Geriatric Curriculum on Emergency Medicine Resident Attitudes, Knowledge, and Decision Making. Journal of Academic Emergency Medicine 2011; 18: S92-96.

  • Presidential Poster "Best Poster" Award in Emergency Medicine American Geriatrics Society Annual Meeting 2011
  • Biese K, Roberts E, LaMantia M, Zamora Z, Shofer F, Snyder G, Patel A,Hollar D, Kizer JS, Busby-Whitehead J. Impact of a Geriatric Curriculum on Emergency Medicine Resident Attitudes, Knowledge, and Decision Making. Society Academic Emergency Medicine National Annual Assembly. Oral Presentation. Boston, MA June 3rd, 2011

Date posted: 
Fri, 04/27/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Fri, 04/27/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , , , , and . Caring for Elderly Patients in the Emergency Department: An interactive lecture series. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

Geriatric Emergency Medicine Online Curriculum (GEM-OC) 5 - ED Workflow and Dispo Decision-Making

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

This is Module Five of an online five-module curriculum. The modules, which are based on national geriatric emergency medicine competencies, cover a broad range of geriatric topics through an interactive teaching format. They require learners to review and analyze patient information, interpersonal interactions, laboratory and imaging results, diagnoses and treatment plans. This module teaches about workflow in the Emergency Department and disposition decision-making.

Educational objectives: 

At the end of this Module, you will be able to:

1) Assess and describe baseline and current functional abilities in an older adult by collecting historical data from multiple sources, making sure to include instrumental activities of daily living and activities of daily living, and performing a confirmatory hearing and vision examination.

2) Develop a preliminary management plan for patients presenting with functional deficits including adaptive interventions and involvement of interdisciplinary team members from appropriate disciplines, such as social work, nursing, rehabilitation, nutrition and pharmacy.

3) Identify and assess safety risks in the home environment, and make recommendations to mitigate these.

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

For best viewing results, please:

  • Set your monitor resolution to 1024x768
  • Launch in either Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Firefox 2 or higher or Safari 3.2.1 or higher
  • Avoid using browser navigation. Use only the navigation provided within the course.

 

Date posted: 
Fri, 06/08/2012
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Fri, 06/08/2012
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , , , , and . Geriatric Emergency Medicine Online Curriculum (GEM-OC) 5 - ED Workflow and Dispo Decision-Making. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2012 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/200

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