The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

Biochemistry/Cell Biology

SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Urinary System Module

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

This module demonstrates the normal age-related changes in the urinary system and its clinical implications. A highlight of these modules are side by side comparison of young and aged tissues with interactive slides and summary drawings which reinforce the main points on the histology slides. The curriculum is appealing to clinical learners as it is anchored in showing clinically relevant changes and the implications of these changes in older patients. The main audience is the pre-clinical first or second year medical student, but these could be used by other trainees to teach the basic science of aging.

Educational objectives: 

Learning Objectives for Urinary System module:

Identify the major aging associated changes in each of the following and describe the clinical implications of these changes on the:

  1. Kidney
  2. Ureter
  3. Urethra - female
  4. Nerves
  5. Urethra - male
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Southwestern Aging and Geriatrics Education (SAGE) Program

Lead Author: Judith R. Head, PhD

Medical Illustrator: Lindsay Oksenberg, MA

Geriatrician:  Amit Shah, MD

Special thanks to histology technician: Brie Thaden Pirkle and Tasha Buxton

Date posted: 
Thu, 12/18/2014
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 12/18/2014
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Urinary System Module. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2014 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Cardiovascular System

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

This module demonstrates normal changes of aging and the clinical implications of these aging-related changes via histology. A highlight of these modules are side by side comparison of young and aged tissues with interactive slides and summary drawings which reinforce the main points on the histology slides. The curriculum is appealing to clinical learners as it is anchored in showing clinically relevant changes and the implications of these changes in older patients. The main audience is the pre-clinical first or second year medical student, but these could be used by other trainees. The modules could be used in geriatrics fellowship programs to teach the basic science of aging.

Educational objectives: 

Learning Objectives for Cardiovascular module:

Identify the major aging associated changes in each of the following and describe the clinical implications of these changes:

  1. Endothelial cells
  2. Elastic arteries
  3. Muscular arteries
  4. Arterioles
  5. Capillaries
  6. Small and medium veins
  7. Large veins
  8. Heart
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Southwestern Aging and Geriatrics Education (SAGE) Program

Lead Author: Judith R. Head, PhD

Medical Illustrator: Lindsay Oksenberg, MA

Geriatrician: Amit Shah, MD

Special thanks to histology technician: Brie Thaden Pirkle and Tasha Buxton

Date posted: 
Thu, 12/18/2014
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 12/18/2014
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Cardiovascular System. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2014 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Blood & Defense System

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

This module demonstrates the normal age-related changes in the blood and defense systems and their clinical implications. A highlight of these modules are side by side comparison of young and aged tissues with interactive slides and summary drawings which reinforce the main points on the histology slides. The curriculum is appealing to clinical learners as it is anchored in showing clinically relevant changes and the implications of these changes in older patients. The main audience is the pre-clinical first or second year medical student, but these could be used by other trainees to teach the basic science of aging.

Educational objectives: 

Learning Objectives for Blood & Defense System module:

Identify the major aging associated changes in each of the following and describe the clinical implications of these changes:

  1. Blood and innate immunity
  2. Hematopoiesis
  3. Lymphocytes & adaptive immunity
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Southwestern Aging and Geriatrics Education (SAGE) Program

Lead Author: Judith R. Head, PhD

Medical Illustrator: Lindsay Oksenberg, MA

Geriatrician Author/Clinical Correlations: Amit Shah, MD

Special thanks to histology technician: Brie Thaden Pirkle

 

Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Blood & Defense System. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2014 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

Anatomy Image Atlas of Aging: Liver

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

The Image Atlas of Aging is an original UMMS educational product developed to highlight the normal age-related anatomic and histological changes within the digestive system. The Image Atlas of Aging is a PowerPoint module that features normal gross and histological images to model the aging liver and to serve as an easily replicated prototype to eventually incorporate other organs and organ systems. The module introduces the principle of homeostenosis as a function of aging that emphasizes that aging is neither equivalent to disease nor does it signify inevitable disease. This original geriatrics content has been integrated into the first year medical student “Development, Structure, and Function” (DSF) course curriculum.

Educational objectives: 

After completion of this module, the MS1 learner will be expected to:

  • explain that liver disease is not a part of normal aging
  • differentiate normal anatomic, physiologic, and histological differences between the young and aged liver
  • define the principle of homeostenosis, illustrating how the hepatic portal system becomes more susceptible to acute injury with the loss of age-related functional reserve
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Formal on-going discussions are held with the UMMS Development, Structure, and Function (DSF) course directors, who review the modules to strategize best integration to the DSF curriulum. Additionally, UMMS geriatricians teach from the Image Atlas modules in the anatomy lab each fall.

Date posted: 
Fri, 10/11/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Fri, 10/11/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , , , and . Anatomy Image Atlas of Aging: Liver. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

SAGE Urinary Incontinence in the Elderly

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

The UT Southwestern SAGE Urinary Incontinence module is a comprehensive core curriculum on UI in the elderly which can be incorporated into existing UME courses at both the pre-clinical and clinical levels. After completion of the program, medical students will have been trained in the basic evaluation and treatment of UI in the elderly. The program and learning platforms are created in sequential modules so that components can be utilized in different courses (anatomy, physiology, pharmacology) and for different levels of learners (clinical cases for 3rd and 4th year students). Modules also lend themselves to be utilized as clinical correlations in basic science courses.

Educational objectives: 

After completion of the UI modules, learners will be able to:

  • Describe the anatomy and physiology of the continence mechanism.
  • Discuss the age-related changes in the anatomy and physiology of the lower urinary tract (LUT) which increase the risk of UI.
  • Evaluate and diagnose the cause of a patient's urinary incontinence.
  • Create a treatment and management plan for a patient with urinary incontinence.
  • Describe how medications can cause UI and also understand complications from medications used to treat UI.
Date posted: 
Tue, 01/29/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 04/30/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, and . SAGE Urinary Incontinence in the Elderly. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

Anatomy Image Atlas on Aging: Heart

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

The Image Atlas of Aging is an original UMMS educational product developed to highlight the normal age-related anatomic and histological changes within the cardiovascular system. The Image Atlas of Aging is a PowerPoint module that features normal gross and histological images to model the aging heart and to serve as an easily replicated prototype to eventually incorporate other organs and organ systems. The module introduces the principle of homeostenosis as a function of aging that emphasizes that aging is neither equivalent to disease nor does it signify inevitable disease. This original geriatrics content has been integrated into the first year medical student “Development, Structure, and Function” (DSF) course curriculum.

Educational objectives: 

After completion of this module, the MS1 learner will be expected to:

  • explain that cardiovascular disease is not inevitable with normal aging
  • differentiate normal anatomic, physiologic, and histological differences between the young and aged heart
  • define the principle of homeostenosis, illustrating how the renal system becomes more susceptible to acute injury with the loss of age-related functional reserve
Date posted: 
Tue, 05/20/2014
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 05/20/2014
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , , and . Anatomy Image Atlas on Aging: Heart. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2014 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

Anatomy Image Atlas on Aging: Kidney

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Image Atlas of Aging is an original UMMS educational product developed to highlight the normal age-related anatomic and histological changes within the renal system. The Image Atlas of Aging is a PowerPoint module that features normal gross and histological images to model the aging kidney – and to serve as an easily replicated prototype to eventually incorporate other organs and organ systems. The module introduces the principle of homeostenosis as a function of aging that emphasizes that aging is neither equivalent to disease nor does it signify inevitable disease. This original geriatrics content has been integrated into the first year medical student “Development, Structure, and Function” (DSF) course curriculum. This product contains two versions of the lecture: the complete presentation intended for the educator and the shortened student module. 

 

Educational objectives: 

After completion of their DSF course, the MS1 learner will be expected to:

  1. Explain that renal disease is not inevitable with normal aging
  2. Differentiate normal anatomic, physiologic, and histological differences between the young and aged kidney
  3. Define the principle of homeostenosis, illustrating how the renal system becomes more susceptible to acute injury with the loss of age-related functional reserve
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

There is a dearth of existing available educational resources that pictorially contrast normal age-related anatomic and histological organ system changes. (Most of the available resources demonstrate normal versus pathologic.)

Pivotal to Image Atlas completion was developing partnerships with the UMMS pathology department and anatomy and cell biology division. UMMS' Advancing Geriatrics Education (AGE)/Reynolds summer student, UMMS MS2 Patrick Bonavitacola, forged new working relationships with the director of surgical pathology and renal pathology, the current chief resident, and the co-director of the MS1 DSF course. Existing images were culled from: 1) the former chief of pathology's legacy slide collection within the UMMS pathology department, 2) dissections in the anatomy lab; and 3) recent autopsies in the pathology lab. Images were also incorporated from local textbooks and an image database taken with permission from the University of Connecticut.

Formal discussions have been held with the DSF course directors, who are currently reviewing the PowerPoint module and strategizing  how to best integrate this model and original content into the DSF curriulum. UMMS geriatricians will teach from this curriculum in the anatomy lab this fall.

Date posted: 
Mon, 05/13/2013
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 05/13/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , , , , , , and . Anatomy Image Atlas on Aging: Kidney. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2013 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

Texas Tech Medcast Reynolds Geriatric Step 2CK Test Prep Series 10-11: No. 100--I'm Healthy But My Bloodwork Says Otherwise

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
0
Abstract: 

The Step2CK Test Prep Series was created by fourth-year students at the Texas Tech School of Medicine in Lubbock as a project of the fourth-year geriatrics rotation. It was developed as part of the Reynolds Geriatrics Podcast series, which is supported by an Aging and Quality of Life grant from the D.W. Reynolds Foundation. The episodes in this series are based on questions that have geriatrics content and patient vignettes from the 2010 Step 2CK Sample Exam.

Educational objectives: 

This episode is based on Question 100 on page 61 of the 2010 Step2CK Sample Exam.

Learning Objectives:  the third-year medical student studying for the Step 2CK exam should be able to:

  • Understand what leukemia is and the cells affected
  • Differentiate between an acute and a chronic leukemia
  • Differentiate between a lymphocytic and myeloid leukemia
  • Know the main ages affected by the different types of leukemias
  • Understand what a leukemoid reaction is and how it is different from a leukemia
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 
Date posted: 
Fri, 08/05/2011
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 01/22/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , and . Texas Tech Medcast Reynolds Geriatric Step 2CK Test Prep Series 10-11: No. 100--I'm Healthy But My Bloodwork Says Otherwise. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2011 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Skin Module

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Module#1: Skin - This is the first of a series of highly interactive modules to teach the normal changes of aging and the clinical implications of these aging-related changes via histology.   A highlight of these modules are side by side comparison of young and aged tissues with interactive slides and summary drawings which reinforce the main points on the histology slides.   The curriculum is appealing to clinical learners as it is anchored in showing clinically relevant changes and the implications of these changes in older patients. The main audience is the pre-clinical first or second year medical student, but these could be used by other trainees.  For example, the skin module would be an excellent review for a dermatology residency program and all of the modules could be used in geriatrics fellowship programs to teach the basic science of aging.

Educational objectives: 

Learning Objectives for skin module:

Identify the major aging associated changes in each of the following layers and parts of skin and describe the clinical implications of these changes:

  1. Epidermis
  2. Dermis
  3. Pilo-sebacaous Units (Hair Follicles, Sebaceous Glands)
  4. Sweat Glands
  5. Sensory Compenents (Pacinian and Meissner’s Corpuscles)
  6. Subcuteanous/ (Subdermis/Hypodermis)
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

Southwestern Aging and Geriatrics Education (SAGE) Program

Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective

Module #1:  Skin

Lead Author: Judith Head, PhD   

Illustrator: Lindsay Oksenberg, MA

Geriatrician Author/Clinical Correlations: Amit Shah, MD

Special thanks to histology technician:  Brie Thaden Pirkle

Date posted: 
Mon, 11/15/2010
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 11/15/2010
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, and . SAGE Intrinsic Aging: A Histological Perspective: Skin Module. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2010 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

Texas Tech Medcast Reynolds Geriatric Step 2CK Test Prep Series 10-11: No. 67--The Bloody Mess

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
0
Abstract: 

The Step2CK Test Prep Series was created by fourth-year students at the Texas Tech School of Medicine in Lubbock as a project of the fourth-year geriatrics rotation. It was developed as part of the Reynolds Geriatrics Podcast series, which is supported by an Aging and Quality of Life grant from the D.W. Reynolds Foundation. The episodes in this series are based on questions that have geriatrics content and patient vignettes from the 2010 Step 2CK Sample Exam. For more information on the series, go to http://www.ttuhsc.edu/som/fammed/ttmedcast/gerseri....

Educational objectives: 

This episode is based on Question 67 on page 47 of the 2010 Step2CK Sample Exam.

Learning Objectives: the third-year medical student studying for the Step2CK exam should be able to:

  • Recognize the typical presentation of anemia in general
  • Evaluate and distinguish between anemias based on peripheral blood smear results
  • Understand how mean corpuscular volume (MCV) can be used to distinguish between varying causes of anemia and use the MCV to help answer a clinical question
  • Recognize that chronic disease states can cause anemia that is clinically distinguishable from other types of anemia
  • Evaluate a clinical presentation of anemia and choose the best explanation of the anemia in the presence of other explanations that, while possible, are not the best answer to the clinical scenario.
Date posted: 
Thu, 01/13/2011
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 01/22/2013
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
, , and . Texas Tech Medcast Reynolds Geriatric Step 2CK Test Prep Series 10-11: No. 67--The Bloody Mess. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2011 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/195

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