OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of wheelchair assessment and configuration on pressure injury incidence, mobility, and functioning in a wheelchair. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with participants individually randomized into intervention and control groups. SETTING: Nursing home. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents aged 60 and older who used wheelchairs and were at risk for pressure injuries (N=258). INTERVENTION: Treatment and evaluation, individually configured wheelchair and skin protection cushion; control and evaluation, facility-provided wheelchair and skin protection cushion. MEASUREMENTS: Pressure injury incidence, Nursing Home Life Space Diameter score, Functioning Every Day in a Wheelchair-Capacity (FEW-C) score, and Wheelchair Skills Test (WST) score. RESULTS: No differences in pressure injuries (p=.77) were found. Pelvic rotation (odds ratio (OR)=0.15, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.03-0.70, p=.02) and Day 14 WST skill score (OR=0.74, 95% CI=0.60-0.91, p=.004) were significant predictors of pressure injuries. Significant differences were observed between groups in change in FEW-C independence scores between before randomization and endpoint (p=.03) and before randomization and 14 days (p=.04). CONCLUSION: Participants with individually configured wheelchairs improved more in the safe and effective use of their wheelchairs than residents with facility-provided wheelchairs. The outcomes indicated that nursing home residents functioned safely at a higher level in their wheelchairs if their devices were individually configured using a comprehensive wheelchair and seating assessment process. There was no difference in the incidence of pressure injuries between the two groups. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01275313.
A Randomized Clinical Trial of Wheeled Mobility for Pressure Injury Prevention and Better Function.
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Sep;66(9):1752-1759. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15495. Epub 2018 Aug
PubMed Central ID: