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Picture-Based Memory Impairment Screen: Effective Cognitive Screen in Ethnically Diverse Populations.

Pubmed ID: 
29808583
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVES: To describe the psychometric properties of the Picture-based Memory Impairment Screen (PMIS) in a multidisciplinary memory disorder center serving an ethnically and educationally diverse community. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Montefiore Center for Aging Brain (CAB) PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with cognitive complaints (N=405; average age 76+/-10, 66% female). MEASUREMENTS: A geriatrician or neurologist administered the PMIS, and a neuropsychologist administered the Blessed Information, Memory, and Concentration (BIMC) test and determined whether participants had dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or subjective cognitive complaints (SCC). RESULTS: Mean PMIS scores were 4.0+/-2.6 in participants with dementia (n=194), 6.8+/-1.5 in those with MCI (n= 155), and 7.0+/-1.8 in those with SCC (n= 56) (p<.001). PMIS scores showed similar significant linear trends when analyzed according to ethnicity, education, sex, and language. The PMIS was negatively correlated with BIMC score (p<.001). The PMIS had positive predictive value of 77%, negative predictive value of 73%, sensitivity of 68%, and specificity of 81% to detect all-cause dementia in this population of individuals with cognitive complaints. CONCLUSION: The PMIS is a quick, valid screening tool to identify cognitive impairment in individuals with cognitive complaints that accounts for cultural and educational differences.

Date published: 
Wed, 08/01/2018
Journal: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Journal: 
Author: 
Malik R
Weiss EF
Gottesman R
Zwerling J
Verghese J
MESH Headers: 
Source: 
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Aug;66(8):1598-1602. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15422. Epub 2018 May
PubMed Central ID: 
Stellar: 
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