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Computerized decision support to reduce potentially inappropriate prescribing to older emergency department patients: a randomized, controlled trial.

Pubmed ID: 
19549022
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of computer-assisted decision support in reducing potentially inappropriate prescribing to older adults. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: An academic emergency department (ED) in Indianapolis, Indiana, where computerized physician order entry was used to write all medication prescriptions. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three emergency physicians were randomized to the intervention (32 physicians) or control (31 physicians) group. INTERVENTION: Decision support that advised against use of nine potentially inappropriate medications and recommended safer substitute therapies. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was the proportion of ED visits by seniors that resulted in one or more prescriptions for an inappropriate medication. The main secondary outcomes were the proportions of medications prescribed that were inappropriate and intervention physicians' reasons for rejecting the decision support. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 74, two-thirds were female, and just over half were African American. Decision support was provided 114 times to intervention physicians, who accepted 49 (43%) of the recommendations. Intervention physicians prescribed one or more inappropriate medications during 2.6% of ED visits by seniors, compared with 3.9% of visits managed by control physicians (P=.02; odds ratio=0.55, 95% confidence interval=0.34-0.89). The proportion of all prescribed medications that were inappropriate significantly decreased from 5.4% to 3.4%. The most common reason for rejecting decision support was that the patient had no prior problems with the medication. CONCLUSION: Computerized physician order entry with decision support significantly reduced prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications for seniors. This approach might be used in other efforts to improve ED care.Trial Registration: Clinical trials.gov Identifier: NCT00297869.

Date published: 
Sat, 08/01/2009
Journal: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Journal: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Author: 
Terrell KM
Perkins AJ
Dexter PR
Hui SL
Callahan CM
Miller DK
MESH Headers: 
Aged
*Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems
*Decision Support Systems, Clinical
Drug Information Services
Drug Interactions
Drug Prescriptions/*statistics & numerical data
Drug Therapy, Computer-Assisted
Drug Utilization/statistics & numerical data
*Emergency Service, Hospital
Female
Humans
Indiana
Logistic Models
Male
Medication Errors/*prevention & control
Physician's Practice Patterns/*statistics & numerical data
Source: 
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Aug;57(8):1388-94. Epub 2009 Jun 22.
CAP: 
A computerized decision support program significantly decreases prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications to older patients.
Stellar: 
Not Stellar